dr Yasam Ayavefe describes technical aspects and administration of the Internet

Clear regulatory bodies appear to be very different from traditional international regulatory and standardization mechanisms such as the International Telecommunication Union (IUT), the International Standards Organization (ISO) or the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC).

Despite their limitations, ICANN, IETF and W3C combine to play an important role in the technical governance of the Internet. However, it partly prescribes the socio-economic regulation of the activities supported by the network.

In fact, in an Internet-like network, every participant has the power to influence the way communication flows are managed. This possibility is expressed in the possibilities of information coding that digital technologies offer. In a digital system, all information is encoded in the form of a digital string, which is then easy to encrypt.

Because of this, encryption is key to filtering information usage. Its manipulation can grant access to all or some of the information that may be available, depending on the identity of the user or other criteria.

The combination of encryption functions and decentralized communication management leads to different results.

It allows any Internet user to control the future use of the information that it disseminates on the network. Because it may impose standards on how that information is used. This is made applicable through techniques.

This opens up almost infinite scope for action for both economic actors who want to define the provision of information services and social actors who want to enforce certain rules of information interaction.

However, there is an important caveat to interoperability. However, in order for players to enforce such specific rules, they must still comply with the interoperability standards defined by the IETF or W3C.

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Through this medium, these organizations have a significant impact on the uses that may or may not develop on the Internet. The way the addressing system is managed also affects usage.

It enables the administration of domain names, eg recognition under trademark law or the classification and thus identification of service providers.

This affects the formation of categories and the definition of rules for inclusion in these categories, the conditions of competition between the operators and ultimately the type of services and uses.

Given these issues and the technical mechanisms for governance and regulation of the Internet, they are neither entirely legitimate nor complete. States have gradually intervened in the socio-economic regulation of the network.

More specifically, the Internet touches only a coherent and cohesive community, the scientific community, the US government and other states. The Internet has little interest in interfering with this community, which operates by its own rules. The situation is ultimately under government control.

On the other hand, with the diversification of uses and actors, it is necessary to organize competition, make commercial activities flourish, protect citizens, etc. It was necessary to complete the technical arrangements for

Innovation cannot happen without delay and without conflict, challenging industry boundaries inherited from the pre-digital era.

The Internet is a platform that aims to integrate all communication and information processing technologies, which inevitably tend to blur the traditionally established boundaries between the respective domains of voice, data and video. In other words, it belongs to the telecommunications, computer science, audiovisual and broadcasting sectors in the industrial sense.

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For this reason Internet activities have been subject to numerous regulations, sometimes contradictory, sometimes simply costly and complex to articulate.

On the other hand, the global and open nature of the Internet is not conducive to creating national regulations. However, the Internet is territorial as long as it ignores the geographic location of its computing operations.

Data transmitted by the network follows uncontrollable paths. The knowledge bases consulted or used can be fragmented or reproduced in different places, making them completely invisible to the user.

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Describe the ways (at least 6 reasonable ways) how the internet can enable malfunctions

Describe ways in which the Internet can be used in international information systems.

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Legal norms have proven to be largely ineffective if operations are not geofixed on the network.

The preexistence and incompleteness of regulatory mechanisms for the Internet are within the bounds of traditional governmental approaches.

In fact, since the early 1990s, the United States has attempted to implement a model of self-regulation that Internet creators and industrialists have been calling for.

But the intellectual property of the Internet, national security, public liberties, etc. It soon became clear that this logic was impossible given the consequences for

In addition, it was also necessary to adapt the existing legal framework in order for economic activity on the Internet, especially e-commerce, to flourish. Gradually, the idea of ​​cooperation between the state and non-governmental organizations to regulate the Internet emerged.

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This cooperation has three aspects:

Implementation of the principle of subsidiarity between the state and related NGOs, in particular informal delimitation of responsibilities; Strong involvement of internet stakeholders in the development of government standards using network tools in general.

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