The global space sector is moving away from geosatellites and toward a constellation of small satellites in low Earth orbit, said a senior official at the Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Center (IN-SPACe).
In his speech at the conference “Space Technology: The Next Business Frontiersaid Prof. Rajeev Jyoti, Distinguished Scientist, Director (Technical), IN-SPACe, the space sector will shift from geosatellites to constellations of satellites in the next 10 years.
He said there were estimates that 10,000 satellites would likely be launched in the near future.
Jyoti said the space sector needs to be driven forward by entrepreneurs and space companies rather than the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) as the sole integrator of the entire space ecosystem.
“Under a newly announced policy, if a space object is non-functional, it must be removed within five years to avoid space debris instead of the previous 25 years. We need to develop technologies for active space debris removal,” he said.
The conference is organized by the Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras). US Consulate General Chennaiand the Indian Space Association.
Drew ShufletowskiCouncil of Ministers for Economy, Environment, Science and Technology, US EmbassyNew Delhi said India and the US are natural partners in the space sector, and there are immense opportunities for expanding bilateral and multilateral cooperation in the space sector.
As early as 1963, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and ISRO collaborated to launch India’s first sounding rocket.
Since then, the two space agencies have collaborated on numerous projects, including lunar exploration, Schufletowski said.
“Currently, NASA and ISRO are collaborating on one of NASA’s biggest projects — the NASA-ISRO SAR Mission (NISAR), a joint Earth observation mission, he said.
On September 30, 2014, NASA and ISRO signed a partnership to collaborate and launch NISAR. The mission is scheduled to launch in early 2023.
dr Mylswamy Annadurai, Vice-President of the State Council for Science and Technology of Tamil Nadu and former senior ISRO official, said: “This conclave is a focused project, the outcome of which will be a white paper that will lead to the establishment of the ‘Association of Space Entrepreneurs’ in Indo-Pacific” (ASEIP).