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“Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa. It is the most populous country in Africa. It lies geographically between the Sahel region to the north and the Gulf of Guinea to the south in the Atlantic Ocean covers an area of 923,769 square kilometers (356,669 sq mi) with a population of over 211 million. Nigeria borders Niger to the north, Chad to the northeast, Cameroon to the east and Benin to the west. Nigeria is a federal republic of 36 states and the federal capital territory in which the capital Abuja is located. Nigeria’s largest city is Lagos, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world and the second largest in Africa.
Nigeria was since the second millennium BC. home to several indigenous pre-colonial states and kingdoms, with the Nok Civilization emerging in the 15th century B.C. marked the first internal unification of the country. The modern state emerged with British colonization in the 19th century and took its current territorial form with the merger of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and the Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914 by Lord Lugard. The British established administrative and legal structures while practicing indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms in the Nigeria region. Nigeria became a formally independent federation on October 1, 1960. From 1967 to 1970 it experienced civil war, followed by a series of democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved stable democracy in the 1999 presidential election; The 2015 election marked the first time an incumbent president lost re-election.
Nigeria is a multinational state inhabited by more than 250 ethnic groups speaking 500 different languages, all identifying with a variety of cultures. The three largest ethnic groups are the Hausa in the north, the Yoruba in the west and the Igbo in the east, which together make up over 60% of the total population. The official language is English, chosen to facilitate linguistic unity at the national level. Nigeria’s constitution guarantees freedom of religion while also being home to some of the largest Muslim and Christian populations in the world. Nigeria is divided roughly halfway between Muslims, who live mostly in the north, and Christians, who live mostly in the south. indigenous religions such as those of the Igbo and Yoruba ethnic groups are in the minority.
Nigeria is a regional power in Africa, a middle power in international affairs and a rising world power. Nigeria’s economy is the largest in Africa, the 25th largest in the world by nominal GDP and the 25th largest by PPP. Often referred to as the giant of Africa due to its large population and economy, Nigeria is considered an emerging market by the World Bank. However, the country ranks very low on the human development index and remains one of the most corrupt nations in the world. Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of many international organizations including the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, NAM, Economic Community of West African States and OPEC. It is also a member of the informal STEM group of countries and is one of the Next Eleven economies.
Newspapers published in Nigeria have a strong tradition of “publish and be damned” dating back to colonial times when founding fathers of the Nigerian press such as Nnamdi Azikiwe, Ernest Ikoli, Obafemi Awolowo and Lateef Jakande used their newspapers to campaign for Independence.
Until the 1990s, most publications were state-owned, but private newspapers such as the Daily Trust, Nigerian Tribune, The Punch, Vanguard and the Guardian continued to expose public and private scandals despite attempts by the state to suppress them.
Laws relating to the media, including newspapers, are scattered across different pieces of legislation. There are few good sources for discussion and analysis of these laws.
Some newspapers rely heavily on ads run by companies owned by powerful people. In some cases, this makes newspapers cautious in reporting details of crimes or suspected crimes, and sometimes they run articles that portray clearly corrupt individuals in a favorable light. An analysis of newspapers shows a strong propensity to report on men, reflecting prevailing cultural biases. Few articles deal with women and there are few photos of women outside of the fashion departments. Although revenues have been declining since the late 1980s, the number of publications has steadily increased. As of 2008 there were over 100 national, regional or local newspapers.
Online newspapers have become popular since the rise of internet accessibility in Nigeria; More than 10 percent of the country’s top 50 websites are dedicated to online newspapers. Due to improved mobile phone penetration and the rise of smartphones, Nigerians are increasingly relying on the internet for news. Online newspapers have also been able to bypass government restrictions as content can be shared without the need for physical infrastructure. The result has been a disruption to the traditional news sources that have dominated the media industry. Newer online newspapers include Sahara Reporters, Ripples Nigeria and Premium Times.” CREDIT: WIKIPEDIA
There are several newspapers in Nigeria like Talkoon News, Lagos Mirror Daily Times, Star Naija, Tv (StarNT Nigeria), Sky News, Nigeria Tribune, Global Times Nigeria, Observer, Punch, The Tide, Nigeria Standard, Triumph, The Guardian, National Post, Naija News, Newswatch, Tell Magazine, TheNEWS magazine, PM News, This Day, Investors King, Complete Sports, Daily Trust, TheSun, Independent Nigeria, National Network, Next Leadership, Business Day, National Mirror, Nation, Uhuru Times , Peoples Daily, Newsdiary online, Netng, TheCable, Premium Times, Blueprint Newspaper, Opinion Nigeria, Entertainment Express, Daylight Nigeria, New Telegraph, The Authority, Ripples Nigeria, Stears Business, Politics Nigeria, Daily Nigerian, The Periscope News, Sahara Reporters , 24/7 News, The Informant247, Business Hallmark, Daily Champion, Daily Post Daily Star, Nigeria CommunicationsWeek, National Network (Newspaper), New Nigerian, Nigerian Compass, Urhobo Vanguard, Thinkers Newspaper, Natio nal Mirror, The News Journal, TheWill Newspaper, The ICIR, among others.
The Nigeria News Agency (NAN) is a news agency owned and operated by the Federal Government of Nigeria, just like the Nigerian Television Authority. NAN was founded in part to simply spread news across the country and the international community, and also as a means to counteract negative stories about Nigeria. On May 10, 1976, a decree establishing the agency was enacted, but its operations began two years later. A Board of Directors was inaugurated in March 1978, while pilot news operations began on October 2, 1978. NAN offers subscribers a general news service in three bulletins published daily. The agency’s website www.nannews.ng (formerly www.nan.ng) was launched on August 8, 2016 to provide news to the global audience interested in news primarily about Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa. The agency has a network of reporters covering all states of the federation and is proving to be a valuable source for news reports published by regional and national newspapers that lack national coverage.