Technologies that turned the world upside down

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In the last 20 years, technologies and product categories have emerged worldwide that have significantly changed the way we live. These disruptive technologies range from cloud computing and lithium-ion batteries to 3D printing and container virtualization.

Mobile internet, 4G/LTE

Mobile Internet has become an integral part of our everyday life. Text, google something, or even visit a UK casino site. 4G is the fourth generation of wireless cellular infrastructure used in most modern smartphones. The name LTE stands for Long-Term Evolution, a standard for “high-speed wireless data transmission for mobile phones and other data-capable end devices (e.g. LANs)”.

These two technologies have helped make smartphones and other mobile devices more popular. They have created a whole new platform for computers, internet commerce, communication and more.

cloud computing

Before the advent of cloud computing, businesses had their own network equipment that required maintenance no matter how often it was used. When servers were overloaded, they had no options. Companies like Amazon Web Services offered an alternative approach, namely cloud computing.

Companies can always rent a server of the right size and capacity. A fee was charged for using the server. As soon as it stops working, the customer stops paying. With this innovation, companies of all sizes have access to inexpensive compute and storage services, and startups can take advantage of them at significantly lower costs.

Cloud computing has proven to be so revolutionary that even companies like Netflix are using Amazon Web Services servers. Individuals store data on remote Dropbox and Google Drive servers and can access it at any time.

Touch screen

The first touchscreen was invented way back in 1965, but the technology didn’t catch on commercially until the release of the iPhone in 2007. Subsequent iPods, iPads, and smartphones from other companies also used this technology. Today, touchscreens can be found almost anywhere engineers can place them: at self-service museum ticket kiosks, in slot machines, and on order tables in restaurants.

Wireless Internet access

Of all the disruptive technologies, Wi-Fi has gone from nonexistent to ubiquitous the fastest. The broadband connection used by most Wi-Fi networks originated in the United States in 1985, and then the Wi-Fi Alliance organization was formed, which helped develop the technology itself. Although Wi-Fi technology was introduced in the 1990s, it didn’t gain popularity until the 2000s, when virtually every laptop or electronic device was equipped with Wi-Fi. Routers and wireless streaming began to emerge around the same time, and more and more devices that supported Wi-Fi connectivity at higher speeds began to appear. Thanks to Wi-Fi, the Internet has become an integral part of our everyday lives.

Virtual reality

Fictionists have long dreamed of virtual reality, but it’s still a long way from widespread commercialization. Nevertheless, the technology has advanced significantly in recent years.

The latest generation of smartphones are compatible with budget versions of VR devices such as Google Cardboard. Advanced gadgets like Samsung Gear, HTC Vive, and Oculus Rift have made the virtual reality experience more vivid, whether it’s a live performance or a game. Startups like Lucid VR offer consumers devices to create VR content, such as a handheld camera for recording in virtual reality.

Of course, virtual reality is not yet a dominant field, but its applications are expanding. VR is not only used in entertainment, but also in B2B services such as employee training, store planning and in medicine (for rehabilitation and patient education).